How to Take Care of Persian & Iranian Carpets
The beauty of a Persian carpet is seen in its design, fabric and the knotting found on the underside of the rug.
Persian designs have graced homes of nomads and kings for 3,500 years.They're fabricated from natural materials and woven by hand on looms, often in homes of rural Iranian craftswomen. Once known as Persia, Iran is the modern name for the ancient country that still produces magnificent Persian carpets. Caring for your carpet regularly assures it of a long life.
Daily Wear and Tear
Placing your Persian carpet in a part of your home that sees regular traffic means it must be rotated frequently to prevent uneven wear. Turn it when the seasons change. It's also recommended that the furniture on top of the carpet be rearranged to avoid track marks and wearing down the threads. Keep sun off the carpet to prevent fading.
Persian carpets are woven from wool, silk and cotton, natural fibers that get worn down as dirt accumulates at the base of the fiber. Set the "beater bar" of the vacuum on high to prevent damage to the fibers. After running the vacuum over the rug once, turn off the "beater bar," and run the vacuum over it once more, removing surface dirt. This also protects the fibers from becoming wrapped around the vacuum bar and pulling or tearing.
If anything spills on your Persian carpet, clean it immediately. Put a piece of paper towel under the rug and another over the spill. Gently press the liquid into the towel, starting at the outside edge of the liquid and moving toward the center. This prevents the liquid from crawling and becoming larger. Use water. Avoid chemicals that could damage the fibers.
Give the Fibers a Rest
If your rug is in a high-traffic area, turn it over occasionally to give the fiber side a rest. The under knotting is beautiful in itself and shows the pattern clearly. Those knowledgeable about Persian carpets look here to determine the weaving quality of the rug. The tighter the weave, the more dense the fibers will be. It also reveals if the rug was hand-woven or created by machine. Hand-knotting has flaws; machine weaving doesn't.
Send your Persian carpet to a professional for deep-cleaning. Don't use a home steamer on it. A wool rug may attract insects, so check for moths. If you find such insects, send your carpet to a professional so they can be eradicated. Do not try to bleach a dingy fringe; it'll turn the fringe's color. Use a professional to clean and repair your carpet's fringe. Keep your carpet looking fresh, and you'll be able to use it for generations.