The Ersari Question or Ersari I asked
One of the great rug scholars. Murray Eiland Jr., has been known to make the point that he could not find anyone in Northern Afghanistan who identifies themselves as an Ersari.
See Oriental Rugs A Complete Guide page 210
I had a chance to discuss this with Murray Eiland Jr. years ago.Murray was looking for Turkmen who considered themselves Ersari. It is an interesting approach. Still I suggest that if Murray asked what language they spoke he would have found at that time hundreds of thousands of Turkmen who speak an Ersari dialect.
Here is the definative answer on the Ersari of Afghanistan from Ibrahim son of Khal Mohammad the great Ersari Weaving Master:
"Over lunch I learned a little from Ibrahim. The family is Ersari Turkmen. Harkening back to Dr, Murray Eiland Jr. Murray has frequently asserted that while he met Turkmen in Afghanistan he never met any who identified themselves as Ersari. So when Ibrahim identified himself Turkmen I asked what dialect of Turkmen he spoke. Ibrahim explained that they were Ersari and the family had moved to Afghanistan from Uzbekistan in his grandfather's day. Ibrahim added that in Afghanistan most Turkmen were Ersari and most of the rest are Tekke." from my article on Khal Mohammad
Guide to Structure:
Warp: wool, Z2S (It is not unheard-of to see hair, sheep or goat?)
Weft: wool, two shoots. (It is not unusual to see hair, sheep or goat?)
Pile: wool asymmetrical knot open to the left. (Kizil Ajak and some Beshir open to the right)
Density: About 56 KPSI. Usually slightly more Vertical than horizontal such as 6-7H by 7-9V or 11H by 13V. The Marechal Taghan Ensi averages 143 kpsi and is very fine for an Ersari weaving. (If it is much finer than that then Salor must be considered.)
Ends: Most often Kilem skirts usually red with blue and or yellow stripes. Warp faced plain weave skirts are not uncommon as well (See Andkhoy Turkmen)
Size: It is unusual to see an old one that is much larger than 9 ½ by 7. The exception are the city made Beshir carpets which can be much larger. See Ersari Beshir Carpet, 12 ft. 7 in. by 5 ft. 8 in. Bags and trappings can be any size. The largest juvals I have ever seen were Ersari (about 5 by 6 ½ feet).
Color: Bright reds such as we see in Salors and Tekkes are rare in Ersari weaving. Bluish reds are not very common either. Softer reds, brick, dusty rose, brownish reds are more the rule. Blues can range from almost black to robins egg blue (robins egg blue is seen in rugs from Labijar see Labijar Taghan Main Carpet). It is not unusual to see small amounts of bright colorfast yellow in antique Ersari rugs. (See Ersari Mafrash).
In each of the 4 quarters of this Gul we see the design that Richard Parsons referred to as an "inverted ribcage" was what he noted a the main indicator of Sulayman Rugs. The Carpets of Afghanistan Page 114.
- The Chub Bash are generally considered a component tribe of the Ersari Turkmen confederation. Some hold that they are separate from the Ersari and some even hold that they are displaced Chodor.
- There are three main groups of Chub Bash the most prolific weaving group in Shebergan and groups also in Mazar-i-Shariff and in Kunduz.
|Mazar-i-Shariff Chub Bash Carpet
This is the Classic Chub Bash Gul which some have suggested is derived from the Tauk Naushka Gul of the Chodor. I have never seen any substantiation of that theory and I suspect that it comes from the similarity in design and the similarity in tribal names. Are the Chub Bash displaced Chodor? It take more than a little speculation to convince me. Especially since the Chub Bash are linguistically Turkmen and the Chodor may not be. Another possibility is that this Gul, the Tauk Naushka, The Yomut , the Arabatchi variant and to a lesser extent the Salor Gulli Gul are all descended from an Oghuz progenitor. I also note that the Chub Bash Juval Gul is very close to the frequently postulated prototypical Gul of the Oghuz descendant tribes. while still unproven the Chub Bash seem as likely to be a straight line of descent from Oghuz time rather than split off from the Chodor.
Chub Bash Rugs: