Persian Rugs: Guide to Malayer Rugs
The Malayir rug weaving area 'begins north of Malayer around Goukar (Joukar) and continues south into the Borugerd area in North Luristan.
In the west it ends at the Zagros mountains and in the east at the province of Markazi (Arak and the Sarouk area) .
|The Malayer or Malayir rug comes from the large rug producing region south of Hamadan extending into North Luristan. There is a wide variety of different rug patterns. The rugs are single wefted and range from coarse to finer than most Hamadan rugs. Generally they have thick construction of very good wool.|
Detail of Back -
Single weft is called "Sennah Baft" or Hamadan weave. Here the wefts are rigid and the warps are sinuous. As you can see in the sketch the wefts are heavier than the warps. It is woven with symmetrical knots. Since there is only one shot of weft between each row of knots this shows every other warp which makes these rugs easy to spot.
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Great idea working with a Malayer guide. I suggest you also mention
Jozan rugs in this guide. Regarding our former conversation about
single wefted Malayers (Hamadans) and double wefted Jozan's from the
same area there seems to be some confusion about the origin of some
rugs stated by dealers as "Malayers".
Ivan is correct of course. Malayers and Jozans can be very similar in appearance but are very different in structure. Here is the discussion Ivan mentioned:
Photos of back make it clear this is a Jozan. Note in the photos the rigid wefts is white and the sinuous weft is blue. http://groups.yahoo.com/group/OrientalRug/message/523
See also Jozan
South of Hamadan in the northern area of Lurestan. The area is populated heavily by Luri.
(LUR, LOR, LORI) [LRI] 4,280,000 in Iran (1993) including 680,000 Bakhtiari (1989). Southwestern Iran, Lorestan and Ilam; Borujerd is center. Bakhtiari migrate mainly from Bakhtiari and Esfahan provinces (summer) to Khuzestan (winter). Mamasani and Kurdshuli in Fars Province; Bovir-Ahmadi in Boyer-Ahmadi Kohgiluyeh Province. Also in Iraq, USA. Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Luri. Dialects: LURI, FEYLI, LEKI (LAKI, ALAKI), BAKHTIARI, KELHURI. Closely related to Kumzari. Ethnic groups: Lor, Bakhtiari (Haftlang, Chaharlang), Mamasani (perhaps 75,000 in 1982), Bovir-Ahmadi and Kuhgiluyeh (200,000 in 1982). Posht-Kuh: nomadic, Pish-Kuh: agriculturalists, Bakhtiari Haft-Lang: nomadic pastoralists: sheep, Bakhtiari Cahr-Lang: settled. Shi'a Muslim. Ethnologue: Iran
Dyes as Markers
Secondly, I have observed that across various rug groups the use of corrosive brown-black natural dyeing was often the last component of traditional natural dyeing practice to be discarded within a group, but its relative persistence was variable across groups. The super-fine Persian shop rugs of 1900-1925/1930, e.g., the Fereghan or Mishan Malayer so-called "Zili Sultan" rugs appeared to have used black synthetics at the same time they were used in the Istanbuli copies I described in the last Oriental Rug Review article. However, they invariably had other synthetics as well. I refer to Jacobsen's comments, in his 1962 book, on "Zeli Sultans" as often having a red that had badly run, indicating an early synthetic red. I have observed this runny red in several Fereghans of the type. By contrast, many tribal and semi-nomadic categories of Turkish, Turkoman, Persian, and Caucasian rugs used natural corrosive brown/black dyeing well into the 20th century. Dyes as Markers http://www.rugreview.com/5dyes.htm