Notes on Polonaise Rugs
It has been popular to attribute all Polonaise rugs to Persia. While some are Persian a significant number are made in a construction that was never made in Persia and can only be attributed to Mughal India.
I now believe that the Persian Polonaise rugs were woven in
New Julfa an Armenian Christian section of Isfahan. The production in India was started by Armenian traders who had the rugs woven in India because the cost of labor was much cheaper. Silver from the new world was used by the Spanish who traded heavily with the Armenian merchants. Much as the United States is seeing today money moves to where labor costs are the cheapest. This means that we see almost identical rugs woven in Persia and India in the same time frame.We can distinguish the Indian rugs by the high ply count warps. In Persia warps were generally four plies or less while in India we see ply counts greater than five. I explore this in
Persian Knot, Open Left, Depressed Warps