Qum/Ghom Rugs and Carpets Persian Rug Guide
The Islamic Republic of Iran is a theocracy .meaning that the religious leader (currently Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei) oversees the government. So while Tehran is the center of the Government the Holy city of Qum is the center of the Shia Theocracy.
As the city gains in importance the quality of carpets improves as well.We can speculate about the cause and effect but the best of Qum rugs rivals the best of anywhere in Iran.
Workshops such as Mirmehdi of Qum are making some of the best rugs in Iran today.
Persian Knot, Depressed Warps
Structure: Asymmetrical knot open to the left. Knot counts can range from 120 to 900 or 1000
Color: While Ghom rugs use a wide range of colors they tend to be brighter and more colorful than Isfahan or Nain rugs and not quite as rich as a Kashan.
Tariq Mirza of Mannam Carpets on Qum Rugs
In the late 50's and early 60's we were regularly buying in Qum, wool rugs with silk outlines, wool rugs with silk motifs, silk ground rugs with wool motifs and all silk rugs. So the use of silk in a big way seems to have started well before 1961. At that time I very rarely saw a Qum with 20x20 kpsi.